South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. This image also in: Students Pierre; Wild Bill Hickok grave. Its capital is Pierre and largest city is Sioux Falls. The next eight largest cities in the state, in order of descending 2010 population, are Aberdeen (26,091), Brookings (22,056), Watertown (21,482), Mitchell (15,254), Yankton (14,454), Pierre (13,646), Huron (12,592), and Vermillion (10,571). In the 14th century, the Crow Creek Massacre occurred, in which several hundred men, women, and children were killed near the Missouri River. Fertile topsoil was blown away in massive dust storms, and several harvests were completely ruined. 31 U.S. soldiers were also killed in the conflict. Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, and fertile soil in this area is used to grow a variety of crops. Black Elk Peak, formerly named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft (2,207 m), is the state's highest point, while the shoreline of Big Stone Lake is the lowest, with an elevation of 966 ft (294 m). South Dakota Ethnic Roots: German 40.7%, Norwegian 15.3%, Irish 10.4%, Native American 8.3%, English 7.1%. South Dakota routinely ranks among the top 10 states for the production of hay, sunflowers, rye, honey, soybeans, corn, wheat and cattle. Average annual precipitation in South Dakota ranges from semi-arid conditions in the northwestern part of the state (around 15 inches or 380 mm) to semi-humid around the southeast portion of the state (around 25 inches or 640 mm), although a small area centered on Lead in the Black Hills has the highest precipitation at nearly 30 inches (760 mm) per year. South Dakota has the third-highest proportion of Native Americans of any state, behind Alaska and New Mexico. Citibank, which was the largest bank holding company in the United States at one time, established national banking operations in South Dakota in 1981 to take advantage of favorable banking regulations. Mount Rushmore National Memorial in the Black Hills was established in 1925. In 2013 South Dakota had 130,471 students enrolled in a total of 697 schools in 170 school districts.There were 9,334 teachers in the public schools, or roughly one teacher for every 14 students, compared to the national average of 1:16. It became a state on November 2nd of 1889, the same day that North Dakota became a state. Archaeology & Paleontology in South Dakota Fossils of extinct species, giant wooly mammoths and dinosaur bones have been discovered in South Dakota. The definition of a physically educated person includes five major focus … Badlands National Park was created in 1978. The western two-thirds of the state consists of plains that … Further to the west, the James River Basin is mostly low, flat, highly eroded land, following the flow of the James River through South Dakota from north to south. The geography of the Black Hills, long considered sacred ground by Native Americans, differs from its surroundings to such an extent that it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota. European contact with the area began in 1743, when the LaVérendrye brothers explored the region. Dakota came from the Sioux Indian word, which means “to friend”. On November 2, 1889, the territory was split in half and both North and South Dakota were admitted as the 39th and 40th states. The center of population of South Dakota is in Buffalo County, in the unincorporated county seat of Gann Valley. Students Dakota Wesleyan University; South Dakota: ethanol production plant. Black Elk Peak, formerly named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft (2,207 m), is the state's highest point, while th… South Dakota has also produced several notable artists. The geographical center of the U.S. is 17 miles (27 km) west of Castle Rock in Butte County. Although other industries have expanded rapidly in recent decades, agricultural production is still very important to the state's economy, especially in rural areas. Howe was one of the first Native American painters to adopt techniques and style heavily influenced by the mid-20th century abstraction movement, rather than relying on traditional Native American styles. North Dakota produces enough canola oil every year to fill the state capitol’s 19-story tower 19 times. South Dakota: Homestake Mine. By attending status, there are 32,929 full-time and 20,753 part-time students with gender distribution of23,992 male and 29,690 female students. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles (199,730 km 2), making the state the 17th largest in the … South Dakota was the 40th state to become part of the United States. Additionally, dams on the Missouri River create four large reservoirs: Lake Oahe, Lake Sharpe, Lake Francis Case, and Lewis and Clark Lake. Agriculture-related industries such as meat packing and ethanol production also have a considerable economic impact on the state. Nickname - Mount Rushmore State. (In 1980, the US Supreme Court and Congress ordered payment to the Lakota for the illegal seizure of the Black Hills. South Dakota's largest commercial airports in terms of passenger traffic are the Sioux Falls Regional Airport and Rapid City Regional Airport. Some of South Dakota's official state symbols include: The Coughlin Campanile, a landmark on the campus of South Dakota State University in Brookings. This area features rocks such as limestone, which were deposited here when the area formed the shoreline of an ancient inland sea. The Great Plains cover most of the western two-thirds of South Dakota. Population 2010 2019; Population: 814,180: 884,659: Rank: 47: 47: Median Age: 36.9: 37.4 The Peter Norbeck National Scenic Byway is located in the Black Hills, while the Native American Scenic Byway runs along the Missouri River in the north-central part of the state. Severe weather in the form of blizzards and ice storms occurs often during winter. South Dakota contains several sites that are administered by the National Park Service. At South Dakota colleges, there are 53,682 students including 46,558 undergraduate and 7,124 graduate schools students in total for academic year 2019-2020. In 2006, tourism provided an estimated 33,000 jobs in the state and contributed over two billion dollars to the economy of South Dakota. South Dakota Quick Facts. 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